Art Education: Some Points to Consider

3 May

On 27/4/11 we reflected on various aforementioned aspects of art and art education itself. Today I reflect of significant points raised by both discussion and required reading.

What IS creativity?

-The product of a creative pursuit must contain “originality”, “aptness”, “validity”, “adequacy in meeting a need” and “fitness”/ being right (Baron, 1988 cited in Dust, 1999, p.1).

-Taylor (1959 cited in Dust, 1999, p.2) describes levels of creativity; the “expressive”, “productive”, “inventive”, “innovative” and the “emergentive”.

-However, Gardner’s (1988 cited in Dust, 1999, p.4) levels of creativity are “subpersonal”, “personal”, “extrapersonal” and “multipersonal”.

-Johnson-Laird (1988 cited in Dust 1999) says that creativity the interaction between society, culture and what the individual can create to promote change within the system.

-But some researcher also say that “creativity is solely about what is happening within an individual. This is the ‘everyone one is creative’ approach (Dust, 1999, p.7)

How do we PROMOTE creativity in education?

-Creative pursuits require TIME for preparation, incubation, illumination, verification and execution/elaboration (Sternberg and Davidson, 1985, Taylor, 1959 cited in Dust, 1999).

-Creative thought and pursuits can be encouraged by;

“-Questioning and challenging conventions and assumptions

-Making inventive connections and associating things that are not usually related

-Envisaging what might be: imagining- seeing things in the mind’s eye

-Trying alternatives and fresh approaches, keeping options open

-Reflecting critically on ideas, actions and outcomes”

(QCA cited in HMIe, 1999, p.2)

In future, I intend to not chase an abstract understanding of what creativity is but use the ideas (like in the HMIe document) in my lessons planning in how to promote creativity itself. The importance of encouraging children to be creative is emphasised by this quote;

“The principle goal of education is to create men who

are capable of doing new things, not simply of repeating

what other generations have done- men who are

creative, inventive and discoverers”

Jean Piaget (1896-1980)


Reference List

Dust, K (1999) Motive, Means and Opportunity. Creativity Research Review.

HMIe(2006) Promoting Creativity in Education: Overview of Key National Policy Developments Across the UK

Available at

[Accessed 17 May 2011]

Image credit


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